The Advisory Board
Álvaro Gil-Robles (Spain) was the first Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and held office from 1999 to 2006. He shaped the profile of the Office and its role within the European human rights system, establishing international credibility for the institution. His most noteworthy actions included his engagement in the protection of human rights in the aftermath of the second Chechen conflict, advocacy for improving prison conditions, promotion of minority rights and support to national human rights actors, such as Ombudsmen, other national institutions and non-governmental organisations. Previously, Mr Gil-Robles was Ombudsman of Spain (1988-1993), lawyer for the Constitutional Court of Spain (1980-1983) and Professor at the Complutense University of Madrid (1978-1980). He holds a PhD in Law from the same university.
Michael O’Boyle (N. Ireland) has been recently appointed Special Adviser on behalf of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to the Government of Georgia on human rights issues. From 2006 to 2015, he was the Deputy Registrar of the European Court of Human Rights, and was previously Registrar of the First and Fourth Sections of the Court. He is the author of numerous articles in the field of public law and human rights and co-author of The Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (David Harris, Michael O’Boyle, Edward Bates, and Carla Buckley). He is a barrister-at-law and former Lecturer in Public Law, Faculty of Law, Queens University, Belfast. He is also an Honorary Bencher of the Inn of Court of Northern Ireland and holds an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Queens University. He further holds degrees from Queens University (LLB), the Harvard Law School (LLM) and the International Institute of Human Rights, Strasbourg (Diploma in the international and comparative law of human rights).
Leo Zwaak (the Netherlands) is a scholar and expert on the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), who has taught generations of students and practitioners about the European Convention system. He was a senior lecturer on International Protection of Human Rights at Utrecht University, senior researcher at the Netherlands Institute for Human Rights (SIM), visiting professor at the Washington College of Law, American University, and visiting professor at the University of Malta. He has published extensively on issues such as the application and interpretation of the ECHR and the effectiveness of the supervisory mechanism. He notably co-authored and co-edited the Theory and Practice of the European Convention on Human Rights (P. van Dijk, F. van Hoof, A. van Rijn, L. Zwaak).
Arthur Caugnon – President
Antonina Vykhrest – Advisor
Antonina Vykhrest is an advisor to the Bureau and the Secretariat since February 2017, after becoming the Director of ACCESS in October 2016. She has previously worked with the Council of Europe cooperation programs and monitoring mechanisms including most recently as Project Manager of “Strengthening the Human Rights Protection of Internally Displaced Persons in Ukraine”. She has advocated on diverse human rights issues with international NGOs, as well as national civil society and research institutions in Geneva, Mexico, the United States, the Netherlands, France and in Ukraine where she completed a Fulbright Fellowship on women’s access to justice. She holds a B.A. in Political Science and International Comparative Studies from Duke University and an LL.M. in International Law of Human Rights and Criminal Justice from the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (Utrecht University). She speaks English, Russian, French, Spanish and has a solid knowledge of Ukrainian.
Evgenia Giakoumopoulou – Advisor
Evgenia Giakoumopoulou is an advisor to the Bureau and the Secretariat of ACCESS after being its Executive Director from April 2015 to October 2016. Evgenia has previously worked with Amnesty International and the International Commission of Jurists on their Europe-oriented advocacy and litigation work. In 2013-2014 she served as an Appeals Committee member with the Greek national Asylum Service carrying out refugee status determination. She has researched and drafted the Council of Europe handbook on Protecting migrants under the European Convention on Human Rights and the European Social Charter on behalf of Prof. Y. Ktistakis. In 2009, she worked with the Criminal Law Division of the Law Reform Department of the Council of Europe. In addition she engaged in national human rights movements in France and Greece as an active member of the Hellenic League for Human Rights and SOS Homophobie. Evgenia holds a Masters in Criminal Law from Université Panthéon Assas (Paris II) and an LLM in International Law of Human Rights and Criminal Justice from the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM). She is fluent in English, French and Greek, and has basic Russian.
Zaruhi Shushanyan – Project Coordinator
Zaruhi Shushanyan joined ACCESS in March 2017 as a Strasbourg-based Project Coordinator for the project ”Promoting the social rights of persons with disabilities by building the capacity of Armenian civil society organisations to engage with the Council of Europe monitoring mechanisms”. She previously worked as a Project Officer and later as a Consultant at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam, after obtaining her MA degree in Development Studies at the same university. In 2015, Zaruhi completed an Advanced Master course in International Development at Radboud University Nijmegen. She has previously been involved in a number of human rights initiatives and capacity building projects in her home country of Armenia. She also worked and volunteered for various regional and international organisations, including the Council of Europe, where she completed a traineeship for the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission). Zaruhi is fluent in Armenian, English, Russian and French.
Georgios Klis – Finance Officer
Georgios Klis joined ACCESS in September 2015 as Finance Officer. Prior to joining ACCESS Georgios worked with the Council of Europe, first for the Human Rights for Legal Professionals Programme (HELP), and later for the Communication for Intergation Project (C4I), co-funded by the European Commission and the Council of Europe. Georgios holds a BA in International Relations and Modern History from the University of St Andrews and a MSc. in International Political Economy from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). He is fluent in English, Greek and has professional French.
Experts and consultants
Costas Paraskeva is an expert on the European Convention on Human Rights having established himself as a regarded human rights academic and a legal practitioner. Costas has served as the Cypriot member the Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) since 2011 and has been recently re-elected by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe for another four-year term.
Costas regularly represents clients before the European Court of Human Rights with a particular focus on the right to a fair trial, right to respect for private and family life and the protection of property. He provides legal consultations on diverse aspects of ECHR litigation and potential violations of human rights.
Since 2013 Costas has been a Lecturer of Public Law at the University of Cyprus, where he currently teaches Human Rights Law and Administrative Law. Previously he had taught at the University of Nicosia and at the London Metropolitan University. His areas of research include the European system of protection of human rights, the effective enforcement and implementation of human rights norms, and the right of access to justice and redress.